THE REARING OF CHILDREN by the Carmelites of the Holy Trinity in Washington

Feast of the Holy Family

by the Carmelites of the Holy Trinity in Washington

Taken from

More than a century ago, on April 9th, 1888, Therese Martin entered
the Carmel of Lisieux where she was to die 9 years later in the odor
of sanctity. But we should make no mistake: St. Therese did not
become a Saint in 9 years. The young girl of 15 who crossed the
threshold of Carmel that day had already advanced quite far on the
"straight way that leads to Heaven". Her parents were her first
"Novice Masters" and their own holiness strongly influenced the
future Saint. It is certainly worth noting that both Mr. and Mrs.
Martin are candidates for beatification. They have already passed the
first step towards canonization by being declared Venerable. Many of
the letters written by St. Therese's mother are still extant and,
besides giving us many details about the Martin family, they form
almost a treatise on Catholic education.

Mrs. Martin understood very well that Catholic education means much
more than morning and evening prayer, attendance at Mass and sending
the children to a good Catholic school. After bestowing natural life,
parents must see to it that their children receive also supernatural
life through Baptism. And then, they have to foster the development
both of the body and of the soul. Mrs. Martin, as a truly Catholic
mother, always gave priority to the soul. She considered her children
as a sacred trust received from God and never lost sight of this
important truth: a child is not a plaything.

If baptism removes original sin, it nevertheless leaves in the soul
the four wounds of malice, infirmity, ignorance and concupiscence.
Anyone who has been around little children knows that this is no mere
theory. Very soon little ones begin to manifest evil tendencies. Too
often, parents smile at these childish outbursts of anger, jealousy,
stubbornness, pride, etc... which they even consider "cute". No, a
child is NEVER CUTE when he is stubborn, proud, etc... Vices are like
weeds. If you uproot them as soon as they show up, you will pull the
whole thing out without difficulty. But, do not weed your garden for
a few weeks... and you will see the result! If children are corrected
from their early childhood, the whole task of education will be much
easier. Mrs. Martin never showed any weakness. She never allowed
stubbornness or childish whims. Writing to her brother about Pauline
(the future Mother Agnes of Jesus), she could say: "I have never
spoiled her, and LITTLE THOUGH SHE WAS, I never let anything pass
unchecked. Without making a martyr of her, I nevertheless made her
obey." Children can easily be "fussy" at table. St. Therese's parents
never gave way on this point. At table, children had to behave
themselves and no grumbles at dishes they did not like much were ever
tolerated. This may seem trivial matter, and how often parents take
the easy way out by just yielding to their children. No one will deny
that it is a trying task to train children to eat everything, but it
is of much greater importance than it may seem at first sight. In
fact, you do not only train your children's eating habits, you also
train their will, and they will need a strong will to remain Catholic
in our apostate world. In Lent, Mrs. Martin would subject the menu to
some restrictions and all the fasts of the Church were scrupulously
observed, which is an example all Catholic families should follow. It
proves to be a great means of promoting a true spirit of mortification
in the children.

You may raise the objection: "What a dull life for children!" Oh, no!
The Martin family was happy and cheerful and the five girls were very
lively. Mrs. Martin had a real gift for stimulating the generosity of
her children. She always used supernatural motives to persuade them to
fulfill their duties: a sinner to convert, to console Our Lord, etc...
In a letter, she reports that her eldest daughter, Marie, valiantly
faced the dentist -- remember, they did not put your mouth to sleep
in those days! -- to obtain graces for her grandfather who had died
recently. Marie was only 9 years old then, and she even felt sorry
when the dentist did not pull out her tooth. "It is a pity", she
exclaimed, "Grandpa would have left Purgatory!" Later on, when her
eldest daughters had reached their teens, Mrs. Martin knew how to let
them talk freely with her. She deemed it very important that her girls
could express their mind fully so that, with much tact and kindness,
she could rectify her daughters' judgment and teach them how to look
at everything from the standpoint of Faith. The best praise of her
"educational system" was given her by her own daughters at the
process of beatification of St. Therese: "We were not spoiled. Our
mother watched very carefully over her children's souls, and not the
smallest fault ever went unreproved. Her training was kind and
loving, but attentive and thorough."

St. Therese of the Child Jesus is probably the only Saint about whose
childhood we have so many details. In the first four and a half years
of St. Therese's life, Mrs. Martin wrote over 120 letters, mainly to
her brother and to her daughter Pauline. These letters are an
invaluable source of information. They reveal to us the dawn of
sanctity in a soul as well as the important part played by the
parents in the formation of a Saint. In spite of all her good
qualities, St. Therese was not born a Saint. Like the rest of us, she
had been wounded by original sin and if her defects were small, they
were nevertheless real. there is, for instance, the delightful
incident of the two sugar rings, a treasure for a little girl. St.
Therese, who had a heart of gold, resolved to give one of the rings
to her sister Celine. Alas, on the way home she lost one of the
precious rings. What was she to do? Should she give the only ring
left to Celine or keep it for herself? The shrewd little girl soon
found the solution to this dilemma and declared that, unfortunately,
it was Celine's ring that got lost! And the Saint comments: "See, how
from childhood we instinctively safeguard our own interests!" And who
will not see the "daughter of Eve" in the little Therese who thought
she would have looked much nicer with her arms bare when her mother
had her wear a pretty dress but with long sleeves?! St. Therese had
remarkable qualities too, especially her crystal-clear honesty. Mrs.
Martin could write, with some legitimate parental pride: "The little
one would not tell a lie for all the gold in the world." Little
Therese would always avow her baby faults to her parents without
seeking any excuse and would then ask for forgiveness and await her
punishment. There is something very charming in this innocent child
and it is best expressed in Mrs. Martin's own words, in a letter to
Pauline: "She (Therese) had broken a small vase, the size of my
thumb, which I had given to her that morning. As usual when she has
any accident, she came at once to show it to me. I showed some
displeasure. Her little heart swelled...A moment later, she ran to me
and said: 'Don't be sad, Mother, when I earn money, I promise you I
will buy you another.' As you see it will be a while before I get

St. Therese was an oversensitive little girl. Her eyes would easily
fill with tears. One day Celine accused her of "bringing up her dolls
badly and letting them have their way." That was enough to make
Therese cry. Yet she did not have a weak character, on the contrary
she had a very strong will and could even be stubborn. Referring to
her two main "weaknesses", i.e. her oversensitiveness and her strong
will, St. Therese wrote: "With such dispositions, I feel sure that,
had I been brought up by careless parents, I would have become very
wicked, and would maybe even have lost my soul." Such a statement
should arouse in parents a salutary fear and make them realize their
responsibility. Try to imagine what St. Therese would have become if
she had spent most of her time sprawled on the carpet watching TV or
listening to rock music, if she had been free to indulge all her
whims...A good form of examination for parents would be the answer to
the following question: "Would St. Therese have become a Saint if she
had been brought up the way I bring my children up?" If the answer is
"no", then think of the account Mrs. Martin would have had to render
to God if, through a careless upbringing, she had deprived God and
the world of St. Therese... We are sure you will then lose no time in
reforming your method of education, for the greater good of your soul
and of your children's souls.

Let us place ourselves at Mrs. Martin's school. The first thing to
bear in mind is that, by baptism, any child is God's child. Several
times a day, Mrs. Martin would put on her little girl's lips this
little prayer: "My God, I give You my heart; Take it, please, so that
no creature may possess it, but You alone, Jesus." St. Therese was
taught to do everything to please God, and for love of Jesus. One
day, Therese could not open the door of the room where Celine was
having her lessons. In her frustration, she lay down in front of the
door. Her mother told her that she should not behave like this. But
the next day, when she found herself before the closed door, she lay
down on the floor again. Her sister Mary told her: "Little Therese,
you hurt the little Jesus very much when you do this." Therese looked
up at her sister. She had understood and she never did it again. Her
mother initiated her from a very early age in the art of making
sacrifices and when St. Thérèse wrote that since the age of three she
had never refused anything to the Good God, it was a tribute not only
to her personal holiness but also to Mrs. Martin's method of

There is no cry-room in France and St. Therese had to behave herself
in church. She loved to go to Mass and at two and a half she would
cry if she could not go not only to Mass but also to Vespers. Even
though she was very intelligent, she nevertheless surprised her
parents when she declared one day: "The sermon was better than usual,
but it was long all the same"!! Cry-rooms are not bad in themselves,
but alas, too often parents use them as nurseries. It is certainly
easier to let your little ones cry, play and eat in the cry-room than
to discipline them and teach them how to behave in the House of God.
But how many children are drastically retarded in their spiritual
growth because up to the age of three, four, or five they have never
attended Mass outside of a cry-room, playing, eating, etc... Parents
must apply to themselves the words of St. Paul (I Cor. 3:9). They are
"God's helpers", and their children are "God's tillage, God's
building". God found in Mrs. Martin a faithful collaborator. To be
the mother of a Saint was her happiness on earth and it is her glory
in Heaven. This happiness and this glory are meant to be yours too,
if you cooperate with God in the work of the sanctification of your

Sincerely in Christ
Our Lady of the Rosary Library
"Pray and work for souls"

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